Dealing with urban animals is an inconvenience that many home owners in the northern US and southern Canada face. Animals such as raccoons and squirrels often find their way in homes to get away from the elements and as a result cause damage and disturbances.
Raccoons normally opt to take shelter in the attic mainly because all their requirements are available in the attic. They find shelter as well as safety from their predators. They find their food sources in garbage cans or pet food tins. Since Raccoons are pests and cause much disturbance and noise, it is necessary to get rid of them quickly.
Removing raccoons is not an easy task. It is not advised and it is not legal to use poisons or any other removal technique that can harm the animals. Such removal tactics should be avoided at all costs as they harm animals and they are not effective. For instance, if the raccoon mother is killed the babies will remain helpless in the attic. It is best to make the effort to remove the raccoons humanely.
Never remove them by your hand as they might bite you in course of self defense. Given that many raccoons carry the rabies virus and many more parasites even a small bite can cause serious health problems. If you happen to find a raccoon in your attic, you may follow the following steps to remove them and prevent them from coming again
1) Removal of baby raccoons if any
2) Setting a trap in a humane way for the adult raccoons
3) Sealing all the entry points
4) Cleaning up your attic
Usually the raccoons that take shelter in the attic are female with her pups. Female raccoons love to raise their young ones in a warm safe place. Removing the female raccoons will cause more damage as the young ones left back would make much noise of hunger.
They might die, decompose and cause heavy odour. So by flooding a light into the attic or producing loud noise, like from a radio, will cause disturbance to the raccoons.The mother raccoon will soon find a safer place elsewhere to raise her pups.
Some times raccoon repellents.especially naphthalene or moth balls are used. There are even a predator urine which causes a bad odour is also used. But these are not too effective as the mother raccoon might choose to bear the odour in order to raise her pups in a safe place.
If you find a raccoon in your attic it is highly recommended to call a professional trapper.